Dengue and chikungunya are both viral diseases spread by the bite of the Aedes mosquito. Historically, chikungunya was identified as dengue but after an outbreak of chikungunya in Makonde Plateau near Tanzania, it was recognized as a separate disease.
Both chikungunya and dengue are mosquito-borne diseases spread by the Aedes mosquito. The Aedes aegypti is more likely to spread dengue while the Aedes albopictus is more likely to pass on the chikungunya virus. However, both the types can spread both the diseases.
A person can be infected with both the diseases at the same time. Although there are chances of dengue cases being fatal, chikungunya is found to be fatal very rarely. Both the diseases have very similar symptoms so differentiating between the two is a must.
Symptoms of Chikungunya
If you are bitten by a female Aedes mosquito infected by the chikungunya virus, the symptoms generally show up within 2-12 days, also called the incubation period. The symptoms include:
– High fever that occurs as the body raises its temperature in an attempt to kill the infectious agent
– Severe joint pains experienced in the feet, ankle, wrists and hands with mild swelling as the virus destroys cells in the muscles and joints
– Severe back pain
– A headache with photophobia
– Muscle pain with fatigue
– Skin maculopapular rash that appears in the first 48 hours when the symptoms show up, generally on the torso, hands and feet
– Sore throat
– Eye pain with conjunctivitis
Though non-fatal, chikungunya can cause body aches for several months and years. Know more about the symptoms of chikungunya here.
Symptoms of Dengue
The symptoms of dengue tend to show up within 3-14 days of being bitten by an infected female Aedes mosquito and generally include the following:
– Sudden high fever without any prior underlying infection. Fever may come down rapidly within 2-4 days, with severe sweating
– Severe headache
– Pain behind the eyes that increases with eye movement
– Fatigue with a feeling of prostration
– Rashes which generally appear within 48 hours, mainly on the face and the limbs
– Mild bleeding either from the nose or from the gums
– Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and the groin
– Decreased heart rate, also known as tachycardia
– Low blood pressure
– Difficulty in breathing
Know more about the symptoms of dengue here.
Differences between Chikungunya and Dengue
Though both the diseases are quite similar with matching symptoms, there some key differences between the two.
Prevention For Dengue And Chikungunya
To prevent yourself against both of these diseases, you need to protect yourself against the mosquito bites. For outdoor protection, the easiest way to safeguard yourself and your family is to apply 4 dots of the Goodknight Fabric Roll-On on to your clothes. It is made using 100% natural ingredients and ensures 8 hours of mosquito-protection.
For indoor protection, use the 2x power of Goodknight Activ+ System and make sure to turn it on during the day as the Aedes mosquito is the most active during that time.