Healthcare has taken prominence in recent times, with a large number of people intent on being fit. While most follow a religious workout regime and try to eat healthier in a bid to stay fit, many fail to follow comparatively smaller practices that have a greater impact on their health than hard-core training routines.
Lately, the cases of people being afflicted with malaria have decreased a great deal, in majority of the states in India. This is due to preventive techniques and increased awareness of the disease. Malaria is caused by a single-celled plasmodium parasite. There are five kinds of these parasites that can cause malaria. It is spread through the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Malaria is completely curable and therefore it is important to ensure early diagnosis and treatment of the diseases at the earliest signs and symptoms of malaria.
Signs and symptoms of malaria to watch out for
Malaria symptoms may appear 3-10 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The initial symptoms include high fever and body ache. Other symptoms include headache, chills, fever, jaundice, vomiting, joint pain, convulsions, damage to retinas, shivering, and hemoglobin in the urine. Malaria symptoms in a child, however, might prove to be more life-threatening and severe as compared to adults.
Some cases of malaria tend to be more severe than others. P. falcipuram is one such type that can drastically affect a person in terms of survival chances or permanent neurological damage. Other complications include respiratory diseases, paralysis, and death.
How is malaria diagnosed?
Malaria diagnosis is quick and easy. Using Rapid Diagnostic Test Kits, a doctor is able to confirm infection within minutes. Alternatively, a simple blood test will also be able to confirm diagnosis.
How to prevent malaria?
While there are numerous treatments for malaria available now, keeping malaria at bay by using mosquito nets and repellents is, undoubtedly, the best precaution.
You can get a liquid vaporizer mosquito repellent like Goodknight Activ+ to keep the mosquitoes out of your home, you may even consider using bed nets and window screens, apply 4 dots of Goodknight Fabric Roll-On to keep mosquitoes away when you are outdoors.
Avoiding rain water stagnation, frequently cleaning the vases, AC tray and fridge tray where water accumulates and becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes is a must. Consider spraying insecticides around your living quarters to avoid falling prey to the mosquito bites and thus diseases which will lead you to scrambling for treatment when you are at your lowest.
Treatment options for malaria
There are tried and tested anti-malarial medications available. Depending on the type of malaria, a doctor will prescribe the right dose and duration for the medicine
• Artemisinin is one of the most recommended medicines for malaria
• The use of lumefantrine, mefloquine, or pyrimethamine or sulfadoxine is also quite popular, although not as much as artemisinin.
• Piperaquine and dihydroartemisinin is another combination that is recommended for treating malaria.
• For infants and expectant mother who have crossed their first trimester, dosage of a combination medication is administered including sulfadoxine or pyrimethamine is administered.
• In severe cases, intravenous treatment proves more effective as against other treatment options.
Early diagnosis, accurate and complete treatment will ensure complete recovery without development of resistance to antimalarials, and thus reduces the chances of re-lapse. However we suggest that you visit your doctor and get the malaria tests done in case you show any malaria related symptoms.
But as always prevention is better than cure, let’s use mosquito repellents and avoid diseases like malaria.