Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that often causes an illness resembling the flu but may also cause dangerous complications, called ‘severe dengue’.
Here are few things moms-to-be or new moms must know about dengue:
1. Transmission: Dengue is transmitted to humans through the bite of an already infected femaleAedes aegypti mosquito. Such a mosquito is infected by feeding on the blood of an infected person and spreads the virus by biting someone else. It is thus very important to protect infected persons from mosquito bites during their illness.
2. Nomenclature: Dengue fever is also known as break-bone fever. It can get further complicated due to life-threatening conditions such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
3. Dengue Symptoms: Dengue results in severe flu-like symptoms which can vary depending on the patient’s age. It should be suspected if an individual gets a high fever of about 104°C coupled with any two of the following symptoms:
Symptoms usually appear 4-10 days after a mosquito bite and usually last for about 2-7 days 2
Severe dengue has warning signs2 that occur after a decrease in temperature (100°) about 3-7 days post the appearance of the initial symptoms:-
The patient becomes sicker with DSS and their BP may fall dangerously low. DSS patients need immediate hospitalization and management by a medical team.
There is no specific treatment for dengue fever, but the following steps can be taken:
Preventive measures:Since mosquitoes are the primary transmitting source for dengue, prevention is vastly more necessary than cure. Options include: