You probably have heard of the West Nile Disease, but how much do you know about it? In recent times, there have been reports about it spreading across many countries via West Nile Virus (WNV). It has particularly affected several countries in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, North America, and West Asia. The virus spreading the disease is learned to belong to the family of Flaviviridae. The largest outbreaks have occurred in Greece, Israel, Romania, Russia, and the USA.
The West Nile Fever (WNF), caused by the West Nile Virus is one of the deadliest diseases caused by mosquitoes, affecting the neurological system of the body. It is caused due to bites of carrier mosquitoes, who feed on infected birds due to which the infection spreads in their blood. It is then transmitted to humans and animals after they are bitten.
No cure or medication has been found till date to cure the disease; the one certainty about it, though, is that it is a mosquito-borne disease. One of the most dangerous things about this infection is that most people do not show any symptoms. Only 1 in 5 people tend to show symptoms such as high fever, while 1 in 150 people have been known to develop a fatal form of the disease.
Due to the very reason that mosquitoes are the cause of the West Nile Fever, there are a lot of measures that need to be taken on a personal level, which can prevent the spread of this disease.
While this disease is most prevalent in the United States, the Indian government too, is spreading awareness about the disease, after a recent case. A 7-year old boy in Kerala was infected with WNF, and though it was believed that he was on the road to recovery, a cardiac arrest caused him to breathe his last on 18th March 2019.
As individuals, we must spread awareness about this infection so that no one else is affected by it. Let’s pledge to fight against mosquitoes and their dreadful diseases with full strength!